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Singlet oxygen images of heterogeneous samples: Examining the effect of singlet oxygen diffusion across the interfacial boundary in phase-separated liquids and polymers
Zitatschlüssel Zebger2003a
Autor Zebger, I. and Poulsen, L. and Gao, Z. and Andersen, L. K. and Ogilby, P. R.
Seiten 8927–8933
Jahr 2003
Journal Langmuir
Jahrgang 19
Nummer 21
Zusammenfassung Optical images of glassy, phase-separated polymer films have been generated using the 1270 nm phosphorescence of singlet molecular oxygen. Specifically, upon irradiation of immiscible blends of polystyrene and poly(ethylene-co-norbornene) that contain a singlet oxygen sensitizer, phase-separated droplets as small as similar to10 mum in diameter could be resolved using a microscope designed to detect singlet oxygen phosphorescence. This study demonstrates that it is possible to create singlet oxygen images of systems in which the sensitizer is not mobile (i.e., systems in which the effects of sensitizer bleaching cannot be rectified by diffusion of more dye into a given volume). The effect of singlet oxygen diffusion across the interfacial boundary between phase-separated domains of both liquid and polymer samples has also been examined. For singlet oxygen created in one phase, diffusion into a second phase in which the quantum yield of singlet oxygen phosphorescence is larger and oxygen is more soluble gives rise to a significant change in the intensity of the singlet oxygen signal at the interface. This effect can be pronounced when a long singlet oxygen lifetime facilitates singlet oxygen diffusion over large distances, but can be mitigated when interfacial tension yields a phase boundary with appreciable curvature. Boundary curvature in thin, phase-separated films of polystyrene/poly(ethylene-co-norbornene) is slight. Moreover, the singlet oxygen lifetime in these polymers is sufficiently short that, within its lifetime, singlet oxygen cannot diffuse over an appreciable distance. Under such conditions, singlet oxygen images of interfacial boundaries are sufficiently sharp as to make this optical technique useful for a range of fundamental studies.
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