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The Hydrogenase Subcomplex of the NAD(+)-Reducing [NiFe] Hydrogenase from Ralstonia eutropha - Insights into Catalysis and Redox Interconversions
Zitatschlüssel ISI:000288099000018
Autor Lauterbach, Lars and Liu, Juan and Horch, Marius and Hummel, Phillip and Schwarze, Alexander and Haumann, Michael and Vincent, Kylie A. and Lenz, Oliver and Zebger, Ingo
Seiten 1067-1079
Jahr 2011
ISSN 1434-1948
DOI 10.1002/ejic.201001053
Nummer 7, SI
Monat MAR
Zusammenfassung The O-2-tolerant, NAD(+)-reducing soluble [NiFe] hydrogenase (SH) from Ralstonia eutropha H16, HoxHYFUI(2), is a complex enzyme, harboring multiple redox cofactors: a [NiFe] active site, an electron relay of iron-sulfur clusters, and two noncovalently bound flavin mononucleotides (FMN). The interplay and functional role of these cofactors is so far not understood in detail. In the present study, the isolated HoxHY module was investigated, which represents the smallest active sub-complex of a [NiFe] hydrogenase. Direct electrochemical studies and solution assays showed that the as-isolated HoxHY is initially catalytically inactive, but after reductive activation at low potentials, exhibits both H-2 oxidation and H+ reduction, consistent with the role of the SH in bidirectional catalysis. The overpotential relative to E(2H(+)/H-2) is minimal, facilitating coupling of the closely spaced 2H(+)/H-2 and NAD(+)/NADH half reactions in the SH. Methyl viologen reduction assays revealed that H-2 oxidation by HoxHY is enhanced on addition of excess FMN, in line with results from optical spectroscopy which indicate that FMN is present at substoichiometric levels in as-isolated HoxHY. X-ray absorption spectroscopy suggested one 4Fe4S cluster in addition to the active site in HoxHY. FTIR investigations confirmed that the active site iron atom has a ``standard'' ligation, i.e., one CO and two cyanide ligands. At least two novel oxidized states were detected by FTIR, both of which could be reductively activated by artificial electron donors, such as dithionite, and by the native electron donor H-2 in the presence of additional FMN. The flavin cofactor also appears to stabilize the active site, providing further evidence for its importance in HoxHY. All reduced states of the [NiFe] site previously identified for standard [NiFe] hydrogenases and for the native SH within living cells were detected in FTIR spectra of HoxHY with the exception of the intermediate Ni-a-C species. Electrochemical experiments show that incubation of active HoxHY with O-2 at high potentials causes slow inactivation, but activity is recovered within seconds at potentials below -170 mV at 30 degrees C, even in the presence of 2\% O-2. This behavior is consistent with the HoxHY moiety of the SH remaining active in the presence of O-2 at the potential of the NAD(+)/NADH pool in vivo.
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