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Spectroscopic and Photochemical Characterization of the Red-Light Sensitive Photosensory Module of Cph2 from Synechocystis PCC 6803
Citation key Anders2011
Author Anders, Katrin and von Stetten, David and Mailliet, Jo and Kiontke, Stephan and Sineshchekov, Vitaly A. and Hildebrandt, Peter and Hughes, Jon and Essen, Lars-Oliver
Pages 160–173
Year 2011
Journal Photochemistry And Photobiology
Volume 87
Number 1
Abstract Cyanobacterial phytochromes are a diverse family of light receptors controlling various biological functions including phototaxis. In addition to canonical bona fide phytochromes of the well characterized Cph1/plant-like clade, cyanobacteria also harbor phytochromes that absorb green, violet or blue light. The Synechocystis PCC 6803 Cph2 photoreceptor, a phototaxis inhibitor, is unconventional in bearing two distinct chromophore-binding GAF domains. Whereas the C-terminal GAF domain is most likely involved in blue-light perception, the first two domains correspond to a Cph1-like photosensory module lacking the PAS domain. Biochemical and spectroscopic studies show that this region switches between red (P(r)) and far-red (P(fr)) absorbing states. Unlike Cph1, the P(fr) state of Cph2 decays rapidly in darkness. Mutations close to the PCB chromophore further destabilize the P(fr) state without drastically affecting the spectroscopic features such as the quantum efficiency of P(r) -> P(fr) conversion, fluorescence, or the Resonance-Raman signature of the chromophore. Overall, the PAS-less photosensory module of Cph2 resembles Cph1 including its mode of isomerisation, but the P(fr) state is unstable.
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